Instinctive Drowning Response- My summer PSA
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04-06-2013, 06:31 AM (This post was last modified: 04-06-2013 07:59 AM by Bows and Arrows.)
Instinctive Drowning Response- My summer PSA
I wish this was 'required knowledge' for everyone--especially parents.

When a person is near drowning- it doesn't look like it does in the movies- its silent. Which is why being able to recognize it is so important.

There is a video which shows it AND an excellent article (translated in many, many languages) which describes it.

excerpt from article linked below.

The Instinctive Drowning Response – so named by Francesco A. Pia, Ph.D., is what people do to avoid actual or perceived suffocation in the water. And it does not look like most people expect. There is very little splashing, no waving, and no yelling or calls for help of any kind. To get an idea of just how quiet and undramatic from the surface drowning can be, consider this: It is the number two cause of accidental death in children, age 15 and under (just behind vehicle accidents) – of the approximately 750 children who will drown next year, about 375 of them will do so within 25 yards of a parent or other adult. In ten percent of those drownings, the adult will actually watch them do it, having no idea it is happening (source: CDC). Drowning does not look like drowning – Dr. Pia, in an article in the Coast Guard’s On Scene Magazine, described the instinctive drowning response like this:

Except in rare circumstances, drowning people are physiologically unable to call out for help. The respiratory system was designed for breathing. Speech is the secondary or overlaid function. Breathing must be fulfilled, before speech occurs.
Drowning people’s mouths alternately sink below and reappear above the surface of the water. The mouths of drowning people are not above the surface of the water long enough for them to exhale, inhale, and call out for help. When the drowning people’s mouths are above the surface, they exhale and inhale quickly as their mouths start to sink below the surface of the water.
Drowning people cannot wave for help. Nature instinctively forces them to extend their arms laterally and press down on the water’s surface. Pressing down on the surface of the water, permits drowning people to leverage their bodies so they can lift their mouths out of the water to breathe.
Throughout the Instinctive Drowning Response, drowning people cannot voluntarily control their arm movements. Physiologically, drowning people who are struggling on the surface of the water cannot stop drowning and perform voluntary movements such as waving for help, moving toward a rescuer, or reaching out for a piece of rescue equipment.
From beginning to end of the Instinctive Drowning Response people’s bodies remain upright in the water, with no evidence of a supporting kick. Unless rescued by a trained lifeguard, these drowning people can only struggle on the surface of the water from 20 to 60 seconds before submersion occurs.
(Source: On Scene Magazine: Fall 2006 (page 14))

This doesn’t mean that a person that is yelling for help and thrashing isn’t in real trouble – they are experiencing aquatic distress. Not always present before the instinctive drowning response, aquatic distress doesn’t last long – but unlike true drowning, these victims can still assist in their own rescue. They can grab lifelines, throw rings, etc.

Look for these other signs of drowning when persons are in the water:

Head low in the water, mouth at water level
Head tilted back with mouth open
Eyes glassy and empty, unable to focus
Eyes closed
Hair over forehead or eyes
Not using legs – Vertical
Hyperventilating or gasping
Trying to swim in a particular direction but not making headway
Trying to roll over on the back
Appear to be climbing an invisible ladder.

So if a crew member falls overboard and everything looks OK – don’t be too sure. Sometimes the most common indication that someone is drowning is that they don’t look like they’re drowning. They may just look like they are treading water and looking up at the deck. One way to be sure? Ask them, “Are you alright?” If they can answer at all – they probably are. If they return a blank stare, you may have less than 30 seconds to get to them. And parents – children playing in the water make noise. When they get quiet, you get to them and find out why.

"Life is a daring adventure or it is nothing"--Helen Keller
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04-06-2013, 06:48 AM
RE: Instinctive Drowning Response- My summer PSA
Interesting quoted section, Bows.

Didn't know drowning was so complex..

The people closely associated with the namesake of female canines are suffering from a nondescript form of lunacy.
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04-06-2013, 07:48 AM (This post was last modified: 04-06-2013 08:00 AM by Bows and Arrows.)
RE: Instinctive Drowning Response- My summer PSA
the body moves into a "T" . Arms try to push down on the water to try to keep the head up. The feet move in a stepping motion-like trying to climb stairs- rather than a flutter kick. It's silent because the split second the mouth and nose are above water there is only enough time to gasp for air....not enough for 2 breaths to make one of them a scream.

it's silent- its quick- and happens even faster in kids.

"Life is a daring adventure or it is nothing"--Helen Keller
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