Metazoa info
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23-04-2014, 07:17 PM
Metazoa info
Remember those metazoa info post I made? Well I will be putting it all on one big thread(including some of my old ones). So every day(if I can) I will be putting up information on animals. Corrections can be made if I have made a mistake, I take request, and all animals will be done extinct or extant.

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23-04-2014, 07:47 PM
RE: Metazoa info
Repost of old one.

[Image: TigerShark.jpg]


Scientific name: Galeocerdo Cuvier
Size range:10ft to 16ft
Weight: 850lbs to 1,400lbs

Life expectany: 27 years

First appeared in the early eocene 50 million years ago

Location: Live close to the coast, live in subtropic and tropic waters.

[Image: 95461.png]

Taxonomy:
Class:Chondrichthyes
Subclass:Elasmobranchii
Superorder:Selachimorpha
Order:Carcharhiniformes
Family:Carcharhinidae
Subfamily:Geleocerdinae
Genus:Galeocerdo
Species:Galeocerdo Cuvier

Diet: Tiger sharks are carnivores,but will eat anything it can put its jaws around

Anatomy: The tiger shark,like other sharks, have a ampullae of Lorenzini,which help the shark detect electric fields. Tiger shark teeth enable it to have its diet, as it can easily tear through bone and turtle shells.

Behavior: Tiger sharks are solitary animals. Tiger sharks are nomadic animals, meaning they will move place to place and never call just one area their home. They are also know to forage for prey along the coast.

Reproduction:Sharks begin to mate when the reach a certain length. The tiger shark is ready to mate at 7.5 feet for males, and 8.2 feet for females. They mate in the summer. Males will bite the female during mating and insert one clasper. The tiger shark is ovoviviparous, meaning the eggs develop and hatch in the mother. It takes 16 months for tiger shark offspring to develop. They will have litters of 10 to 80 pups, but they are on their own whan they are born.

Relationships with other animals: Tiger sharks scare almost every animal. Dolphins( Family Delpihindae) will hide at the sight of one. However few animals don't mind being with them. Remoras(family echeneidae) help the shark out, while parasites eat the sharks skin and blood. Humans use tiger sharks as food. Tiger shark's will attack Humans on rare occasions. The tiger shark is considered sacred in Hawaii.

[Image: pa0641-D-tiger_shark_brandon_cole.jpg]
A tiger shark enjoying a relaxed swim

More sources on tiger sharks:
http://www.arkive.org/tiger-shark/galeocerdo-cuvier/

http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/an...ger-shark/

http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/sharks/FS_Tiger.htm

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24-04-2014, 01:53 PM
RE: Metazoa info
[Image: Dromaeosaurus_Detail_I_by_Art_Minion_Andrew0.jpg]

XDromaeosaurus(Running Lizard)


X Dromaeosaurus Albertensis

Height:6ft 7in

Weight:33lb

First appeared: 76.5 million years ago(Late Cretaceous)
Went extinct: 74.8 million years ago(Late Cretaceous)

Location: North america, fossils found in places like Hell Creek, and Red Deer River.

[Image: map_na_western.jpg]

Taxonomy:

Class:Reptilia
Clade: Sauropsida
Clade:Eureptila
Clade:Romeriida
Clade:Diapsida
Clade:Neodiapsids
Clade:Archosauromorpha
Clade:Archosauriformes
Clade:Crurotarsi
Clade:Archosauria
Clade:Avemetatarasalia
Clade:Dinosauromorpha
Clade:Dinosauriformes
Superorder:Dinosauria
Order:Saurischia
Suborder:Theropoda
Clade:Averostra
Clade:tetanurae
Clade:Orionides
Clade:Avetheropoda
Clade:Coelurosauria
Clade:Maniraptoriformes
Clade:Maniraptora
Clade:Chuniaoae
Clade:Paraves
Clade:XDeinonychosauria
Superfamily:XDromaeosaurioidea
Family:XDromaeosauridae
Clade:XEudromaeosauria
Subfamily:XDromaeasaurinae
Genus:XDromaeosaurus
Type Species:XDromaeosaurus Albertensis

Diet: This dinosaur was a carnivore, hunting dinosaurs like the Genus Hadrosaurus.

Anatomy: Unfortunately dinosaurs barely leave traces of organs and flesh. But there are fossils. Like many members of its family, this dinosaur has a hook claw, in which they use to slice open their prey, and help it keep a good grip on struggling prey. They also had feathers to keep warm and incubate eggs.

Behavior: Dromeosaurus were social animals. They hunted,ate, and breeded in packs.

Reproduction: Not much is known but they did lay a nest of eggs.

Relationship with other animals: Hadrosaurs like Edmontosaurus and Tenontosaurus were the prey of these animals. The competition for this food would be bigger dinosaurs like Tyrannosaurus Rex.

[Image: Dromaeosaurus,_Ottawa.jpg]
The fossil of the once fearsome pack hunter.

Other sources:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/life/Dromaeosauridae

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z3M5RmWZmFQ

http://www.prehistoric-wildlife.com/spec...aurus.html

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25-04-2014, 04:26 AM
RE: Metazoa info
Repost Of Old One

[Image: article-0-0F4C9D9300000578-208_472x472.jpg]

Scientific Name: Macaca Sylvanus

Height: 2ft 6in

Weight: 29lbs

Life expectancy: 25 years male, 30 years female

First appeared: Around in the Plistiocene

Location: Found in areas in Europe and Africa

[Image: Macaca_sylvanus_range_map.png]

Taxonomy

Class: Mammal
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Subcohort:Exafroplacentalia
Magnorder:Boreoeutheria
Superorder:Primatamorpha
Order:Primates
Suborder:Haplorrhini
Infraorder:Simiiformes
Parvorder:Catarrhini
Superfamily:Cercopithecoidea
Family:Cerecopithecidae
Tride:Papionini
Genus:Macaca
Species:Macaca Sylvanus

Diet: They eat fruit,seeds,leaves,nuts,roots,stems, members of phylum arthropod in the region, and tadpoles.

Anatomy: The strange thing about the Barbary Macaque is that despite what is said, it does have a tail. this tail is small, has no bones, and is practically useless. In fact the tail is so small, it is not a surprise that people think it doesn't have a tail. This almost invisible tail gives a look that gave it the nickname Barbary Ape. Males have larger tails then females.

Behavior: Barbary Macaques are social animals. This animals live in troops that can have from 10-100 individuals. There is a lead female in each group. They will warn each other of enemies, and unlike other members of Macaca males and females raise offspring. This is so social bonds can form. Grooming is another thing Barbary Macaques do to lower stress and form social bonds. Males will form coalitions with other males, mostly with those who are kin with them.

Reproduction: The mating season of these animals takes place from November to March. Barbary Macaques reach sexual maturity at 3 or 4 years of age. When looking for a mate, males look for a very fertile female. The determine how fertile a female is they look for sexual swellings. The larger the better. Females will mate with multiple males. Females carry their offspring for six months. They usually only have one offspring, but rarely they will have two.

Relationship with other animals: Humans are the most interactive animal for Barbary macaques. Human habitats will be visited by Barbary Macaques, and will take food from them, and will also climb on humans. Humans have made these animals endangered but efforts are made to help them. Predators that attack these animals are leopards, dogs, and eagles.

[Image: 3979330_orig.jpg]

He looks at his new home made by the humans

Other sources:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/life/Barbary_macaque

http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nature-online/speci...-sylvanus/

http://vimeo.com/31253588

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26-04-2014, 11:55 AM
RE: Metazoa info
Hooded Merganser

[Image: hoodedMerganser1.jpg]

Scientific name:Lophodytes Cucullatus

Length: Male 18.1 in, Female 17in

Weight: Male 1.6lbs, Females 1.5lbs

Life expectancy: 11 years

First appeared: Some time in the late Pleistocene

Location: Live in lakes and ponds near a forest area

[Image: hoomer_range.jpg]

Taxonomy:

Class:Aves
Clade:Avebrevicauda
Clade:Pygostylia
Clade:Ornithothoraces
Clade:Euornithes
Clade:Ornithurae
Clade:Carinatae
Subclass:Neornithes
Infraclass:Neognathae
Superorder:Galloanserae
Order:Anseriformes
Superfamily:Anatoided
Family:Anatidae
Subfamily:Merginae
Genus:Lophodytes
Species:Lophodytes Cucullatus

Diet: The hooded merganser enjoy fish, aquatic insects, and aquatic invertebrates. Their diet mostly includes fish, as it makes up 81% of their diet.

Anatomy: The strangest part of the hooded merganser is the bill. Its bill has evolved teeth like razors in its bill. This has evolved in order to hold its prey. Hooded mergansers also have feathers that can raise up, but both males and females have it. However males are black with a white spot, while females are all brown.

Behavior: Like most members of Anatidae, mergansers will hang in groups,but it is only because they so happened to eat at the same lake. They will fight with each other for food and space as well. The most social bonding between these animals is when males and females are together for the mating season.

Reproduction: Males and Females have a monogamous pairing until the female lays her eggs. Breeding season happens depending on the region, ranging in the months of late February to June. Females lay about 7-15 eggs. When incubating the female might lose weight. The females raise young on their own.

Relationship with other animals: The hooded merganser doesn't share any relationships out side of its species besides predation by animals like falcons and cats, and their prey. Humans have destroyed their habitat but the animal has made a recovery.

[Image: Hoodmerganser02.jpg]

He has got a crayfish in is bill

http://birds.audubon.org/species/hoomer

http://www.birdweb.org/birdweb/bird/hooded_merganser

http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/hoode...ifehistory

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26-04-2014, 06:59 PM (This post was last modified: 26-04-2014 08:02 PM by Metazoa Zeke.)
RE: Metazoa info
ANNOUNCEMENT I have changed the rules. Every sunday will be a double sunday in which I will post two animals instead of one. Thursdays will be parasite day, in which I do something on parasites(i.e heart worm)

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27-04-2014, 02:00 PM
RE: Metazoa info
[Image: m1364.jpg]

Phoronis psammophila

No unscientific name

Height: 19 centimeters

Weight:unknown

Life expectancy:unknown

First appeared: Yet to be known but may have appeared in the Devonian

Location: These animals can be found around the world, and they like to live on find sand with moderate silt in the inter tidal zone

Taxonomy:

Phylum: Phoronida
Family: Phoronide
Genus:Phoronis
Species:Phoronis psammophila

Diet: This animal is a filter feeder and it eats diatoms micro algae. flagellates, invertebrate larvae and detritus. This animal uses cilia to capture its food.

Anatomy: The most interesting organ of this animal is the cilia. The little appendages help it catch food.

Behavior: This animal does not do much but eat.

Reproduction: Phoronis psammophila reproduces both sexually and asexually. They are dioecious meaning that they use a bi parental reproduction. The gametes a first released into the metacoel, where they mature. Eventually the sperm is released into the water through nephridopores. The sperm eventually become spermatophores. They become ameoboid when dispersed. They will enter the wall of an adult worm and fertilize in the metacoel. Eventually they become planktonic larvae after passing out of the nephridiopores and may be brooded in a n egg mass, which will be located in the lophophoral cavity.

Asexual reproduction takes place by transverse fission. When using the mode of reproduction they become close to each other and may become tangled together.

The larva is named actinotrocha sabatieri, as it was once thought to be an adult species. The metamorphsis of this animal only takes half an hour. The larva are transparent and it cililated tentacles are behind its mouth.

Relationship with other animals: Only animal to interact with this one that is known are humans, and it is for research.

[Image: m1395.jpg]

Just chilling


http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p...&id=128552

Sorry on the sources hard to find.

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27-04-2014, 02:04 PM
RE: Metazoa info
Human

[Image: muay-thai-fighter-throwing-jab-630x315.jpg]

Scientific Name:Homo Sapiens

Height: 2ft-8ft

Weight:lightest human was 4.7lbs- the heavist is 1,345lbs

Life expectancy:average 67.2 years, females tend to live longer

First appeared in the plestocene 0.195 million years ago

Location:There is no escaping them,they have a worldwide location


Taxonomical Classification

Class:Mammalia
Subclass:Theria
Infraclass:Eutheria
Subcohort:Exafroplacentalia
Magnorder:Boreoeutheria
Superorder:Euarchontoglires
Grandorder:Euarchonta
Mirorder:Primatomorpha
Order:Primates
Suborder:Haplorrhini
Infraorder:Simiiformes
Parvorder:Catarrhini
Superfamily:Hominodiea
Family:Hominidae
Tribe:Hominini
Subtribe:Hominina
Genus:Homo
Species:Homo sapiens
Subspecies:Homo sapiens sapiens
[Image: hazda-tribe-cooperators.jpg]

Diet: Omnivore,but what is eaten varies region to region

Anatomy: The humans most amazing organ is the brain. Humans are the most intelligent animal so far. The human brain is complex, and this complexity has enabled humans the skills used for making tools, tools so skillfully made compared to other animals that they can even leave the planet all life has evolved on. The human brain can also understand how the world works, in fact humans can tell how the universe started using these tools. Humans are beginning to understand the core essence of the universe and the world, past, present, and can predict and understand the future. However humans are the weakest of all extant hominidae. Because evolution tends to give one great ability at the cost of wakening another one. Due to our tool making abilities, we didn't need to be super strong like our extant relatives. Humans also vary in skin and hair, however this difference is not much in the biology of humans and is not much except in Human social behavior.

Behavior: Humans are social apes. Humans are mixed however in their social behavior. Humans that work at a job, they will work together without even knowing each other names and will only talk to each other if it is needed for the job. During human wars, humans may work together with their own enemies if it means that they can both win the war. Humans when playing in a team game will tend to work with other humans they get along with. Humans form social bonds through sharing interest,playing,and helping each other out. Communication is the most important way of forming social bonds in Humans. Humans tools making abilities have formed one of the most amazing way of communication in the animal kingdom. Computers,cellphones,game consoles, and mail are some examples of this. Humans are also a very egocentric species. Humans believe that they are the most powerful animal on earth, to the point that humans use there beliefs to justify this. Religion for example. Certain religions will teach that what every deity that is worshiped that the whole universe was made just for humans, and that other animals are here to be under you. Humans are a force to be reckoned with when they work together.

Reproduction: Humans are one of the most sexual animals on the planet. Even at young ages humans can become sexual. The age of sexual maturity in humans starts at age 12 or 13. Humans have made laws to control when humans are allowed to mate. Human partners also depend. Humans are mainly monogamous, having one mate at a time, however humans can also be polygamous, meaning they have multiply mate weather it be a male or female. Humans are also pleasure them selves with no reproductive sexual acts, weather it be with someone of the opposite or same gender. Most of the time humans will have one baby at a time, though humans have been documented to have more. The unborn young of a human takes 9 months on average to develop. Humans take care of their offspring,but who takes care of it depends on the young's situation.

Relationships with animals: Humans interact with almost every animal that is extant today. Humans major relationships are with Domesticated Cats(Felis Silvestris Catus)
and Domesticated Dogs(Canis Lupis Familiaris). Both of these animals have been domesticated by humans. Cats are used mainly for company, while dogs were used for work but also keep humans company. The relationship between humans and these animals have grown to the point where humans have worshiped them.Another group of animals that share a relationship with humans are cattle(Bos Primigenius), the domestic goat(Capra Aegagrus) domestic sheep(Ovis aries),chickens(Gallus Gallus Domesticus) and the domestic pig(Sus Scrofa domesticus). These animals are used as food for humans and where also worshiped. These animals may make a great lunch for humans, but they also make great companions for them.

Animals that humans don't have such a good relations ship with are with human pest. Rats(Genus Rattus) and mice(Genus Mus) are both pest to humans, as both live in human homes and eat their food. However both of these animals have been domesticated by humans and kept as pets.

The humans arch nemesis are the house cockroaches(Family Blattidae). These insects can over run a human house and can even destroy one. Even the weapons of humans will do little to cockroaches and the best weapon against them that humans have is their own body strength when crushing them.

Human parasites include ticks(Order Ixodida) and tapeworms(Class Cestoda). Animals like spiders(Order Araneae) and snakes(Suborder Serpentes) tend to cause fears in humans. Animals like Trichoplax adhearnensis which is part of the phylum Placazoa, are really only important to humans to quench their thirst for curiosity.

[Image: ufc_women.jpg]

humans fighting for sport

Other sources about humans:
http://anthropology.si.edu/
http://humanorigins.si.edu/human-characteristics
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cd9sjZNfRCk

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28-04-2014, 12:36 PM
RE: Metazoa info
Spotted Hyena

[Image: Hyena-photo-2.png]

Crocuta Crocuta

Length: 44in to 73in

Weight: 110 to 190lbs

Life Expectancy: 25 years in the wild,41 in the zoo

First appeared: Late pliocene 3 to 2 million years ago.

Location: Hyenas are scattered across Africa mostly living in areas like Kenya and Somalia, and prefer to live on the Savannah

[Image: Modern%20Hyena%20distribution.png]

Taxonomy

Class:Mammal
Subclass:Theriiformes
Clade:Eutheria
Magnorder:Boreoeutheria
Superorder:Laurasiatheria
?: Zooamata or Euungulata
not yet ranked:Ferae
Order:Carnivora
Suborder:Feliormia
Family:Hyaenidae
Subfamily:Hyaeninae
Genus:Crocuta
Species:Crocuta Crocuta

Diet: Hyenas eat animals like zebras and wildebeest. Even dangerous animals like Rhinos and Cape Buffalo are hunted by spotted hyenas.

Anatomy

The skull of the spotted hyena is large and has a narrow sagittal crest,other hyenas don't have. The reason its skull has taken this path of evolution is due to the diet that it eats. The premolars and carnassials have evolved for bone crushing. The premolars have evolved so that they can crush bone while eating. The carnassials are located behind the premolars so that they don't take damage when they hyena is eating bones. The skull of the Spotted hyena gives the hyena a bite that is super dangerous. The muscle attachments of the hyena skull help the hyena have one of the strongest bite forces having a 800 kgf/cm2 bite force. This beats bears when it comes to biting through bone. Hyenas also have the strongest bones out of the entire kingdom of carnivora.

The strangest of all the Spotted hyena organs is the reproductive organs. Female hyenas have a reproductive organ the mimics that of the male hyena. This is another thing exclusive to spotted hyenas that other hyenas don't have. The reason for this is still being discovered, however some scientist say that the large amount of testosterone in the females might have something to do with it.

Another powerful organ of the hyena is the heart. The hyenas heart makes up 1% of its body weight. The large heart gives the spotted hyena more endurance meaning that even with its slow run,it can run long enough to catch up with its prey.

Spotted hyenas also have a special organ that they use to make a smell. This organ is a anal gland. Using this gland the hyenas can make a identifications of themselves. The smell can show age, strength, gender of the hyena and are used to mark territory. No two hyena smells are alike and this can help with identification.

The Spotted hyena also has a long digestive tract. This has evolved so that the hyena can absorb all the nutrients of its food and so that it can digest the bones that it eats.

Behavior:

Hyenas are social animals, that hang in large groups called clans. Unlike its social relatives, hyenas tend to have groups similar to that of baboon troops. Hyena clans can grow up to more then 40 individuals. Hyenas of a clan make loud calls so that when needed, the can call for reinforcements. Each hyena clan has a ranking system. No matter what male spotted hyenas always rank lower then the females. In fact the alpha male is as high in rank as the lowest female hyena, if not lower. The ranking system in hyenas clans are to make sure that there is not chaos. Feeding also depends on rank. The queen eats first and then it goes down the latter of rank. Hyenas of lower rank that have a successful hunt will try to eat as much as they can before their superiors arrive. Even the young inherit rank. The queens children will become the highest ranking out of all the cubs and will be the most aggressive, while lower ranking cubs will be less aggressive and may get picked on by their superiors. Each clan is also different and not just in size. Fur can be different, for example one clan may have very little spots and dark fur, while another will have a lot of spots and light fur. Behavior in each clan is also different. Some clans will play with each other, while other will have violence or even death between their own clan members. Parenting can differ as well. Females in one clan may only nurse their own offspring, while another females will nurse offspring that isn't theirs.


Despite the myth, hyenas aren't huge on scavenging. Most of the time hyenas hunt. However their strategy is different. They don't stalk their prey they walk right in the middle of the crowd. Hyenas tend to not scare big predators when their is only one. But hyena are searching for the weak,old,sick, and young. When they find what they're looking for they attack. Hyenas may not be fast but they run long so that they can tire out their prey. Hyenas however don't kill their prey when they catch it, they eat it alive.

Hyena clans will come into conflict with each other. Many times it is violent other times it's not. Most of the conflict between hyenas are for food. The most common stand off for food is the when hyenas try to take over the food by intimidating each other. However when hyenas do fight it gets violent. Hyenas will lose ears, limbs, and even faces during these fights.

Reproduction: Spotted Hyenas do not have a breeding season, though most births happen during the wet season. Hyena mating is difficult because of the females pseudo penis. The male must enter his penis very carefully into it so that he may be able to mate. All females in a clan are able to have young, but the dominant female gets a better area to give birth. Gestation takes about 3 months. Mothers are the only ones to really take care of their cubs, but depending other members may also help with raising them.

Interactions with other animals:

The two most dangerous animals to spotted hyenas are humans(homo sapiens) and lions(panthera leos). Humans do kill hyenas either on purpose or by accident. Human development may also infringe on the hyenas habitat. Lions are the hyenas nemesis. Lions will steal many hyena kills. The male lions will even kill the hyena queen for sport. However hyenas also kill female lions and may even steal some lion kills.

Another group of animals hyenas interact with are the cheetah(acinonyx jubatus) and the african leopard(panthera pardus pardus). Unlike the lion these two wild cats can't do much to the hyena. Cheetahs do have their kills stolen by hyenas and their is very little one can do. Even a single hyena can take on three cheetahs. The cheetah will slam its front paws on the ground repeatedly, but this does very little to hyenas. Leopards however fair better. They can't fight back against hyenas but they can drag their prey up into the trees with them, and this is good because hyenas can't climb. However if the spotted hyena catch up to them before they make the climb the leopard must then just climb with no food to eat.

Hyenas also have a thing with vultures. Vultures in Africa like the lappet-faced vulture(torgos tracheliotos) will fly over dinner. Hyenas look to the sky and head in the direction that the vultures are located. Hyenas must be careful though because they don't want to be attacked by them. However hyenas will get their way with vultures and get the free meal that the vultures found.

[Image: males_fight-c.JPG]
Are they playing or fighting?

Other sources:
http://www.arkive.org/spotted-hyaena/crocuta-crocuta/

http://www.youtube.com/user/ClanHyena

http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/ac...a_crocuta/

http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/an...als/hyena/

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29-04-2014, 05:24 PM
RE: Metazoa info
North Pacific Giant Octopus.

[Image: 0770.jpeg]

Scientific Name: Enteroctopus Dofleini

Size: 14ft arm span

Weight: 33lbs

Life expectancy: 3-5 years

First appeared:?

Location: Live only in the north pacific

[Image: 800px-E_dofleini_range.jpg]

Taxonomy:
Class:Cephalopod
Subclass:Coleoidea
Cohort:Neocoleoidea
Superorder:Octopodiformes
Order:Octopoda
Suborder:Incirrina
Family:Octopodidae
Subfamily:Octopodine
Genus:Enteroctopus
Species:E.Dofleini

Diet: North Pacific Giant Octopus eat crustaceans, clams, and fish

Anatomy: This octopus's most impressive organ is the brain. These animals can even recognize humans that visit them in captivity. They can also solve puzzles. All the organs are held at the mantle, which is located behind the eyes.

Behavior: These animals are solitary. These highly intelligent animals use their brain power to find and capture prey.

Reproduction: The mating season of this animal begins in the fall. These animals lay up to 100,000 eggs. Only the females take care of the young, and they only take care of the young will they are eggs because the females afterwords die due to starvation. The amount of eggs laid is to compensate for their short life span.

Relationship with other animals: In the wild these animals are solitary and won't go towards any animal unless if has to do with food or territory. However Humans do keep these animals as pets.

[Image: titan_seattleaquarium.jpg]

Well she is just waving helloBig Grin

Other sources:

http://nationalzoo.si.edu/animals/invert...ctopus.cfm

http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/an...c-octopus/

http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/ac..._dofleini/

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